If you have irregular periods, pelvic pain, or other troubling pelvic symptoms, ovarian cysts might be at the root of your discomfort. Judith Gurdian, MD, Michelle Spector, MD, Tanya Ghatan, MD, and the rest of the team at Capital Women's Care Rockville OBGYN in Rockville, Maryland, offer expert diagnoses and treatments for ovarian cysts to relieve your discomfort and improve your reproductive health. Call or schedule an appointment online today to learn more.
Ovarian cysts are fluid-filled sacs that develop in or on your ovary. They can vary in size from very small to quite large. Some of the common symptoms of ovarian cysts include:
The two primary types of ovarian cysts are:
These ovarian cysts stem from the normal fluid sacs that form when you ovulate. Your egg grows inside the sac and when it’s mature, the follicle bursts, releasing the egg. When the follicle doesn’t release the egg, it keeps growing and becomes a cyst.
You develop corpus luteum cysts when your egg follicle doesn’t shrink back into your ovary but instead reseals and fills with fluid. These cysts can grow to up to four inches and can cause pain by making your ovary twist or bleed.
PCOS is a condition where your ovaries produce many cysts that disrupt your menstrual cycle and fertility. It’s caused by hormonal imbalances, with symptoms like irregular periods, thinning hair, acne, and weight gain.
Ovarian cysts are typically caused by hormonal imbalances and other pelvic conditions. For example, if you have endometriosis, the endometrium that develops outside of your uterus can attach to your ovary and form a cyst. Pelvic infections can also affect your ovaries and fallopian tubes, causing cysts to form.
It’s also normal for ovarian cysts to form during pregnancy. Ovarian cysts can actually protect a pregnancy in its early stages before the placenta forms.
In many cases, your doctor at Capital Women's Care Rockville OBGYN will want to monitor your symptoms and cysts as they often resolve on their own over time. However, if your ovarian cysts are persistent, you may benefit from hormonal contraceptives to regulate your hormone levels. Or in rare cases, where your ovarian cyst is large and causing enough pain to disrupt your life, your doctor may suggest surgery to remove the cyst.
If you’re concerned about ovarian cysts or experiencing symptoms that could be caused by cysts, call or schedule an appointment online today.