Endometrial Biopsy Specialist

Capital Women's Care

OBGYNs located in Rockville, MD

If you’ve had abnormal Pap smear results and your doctor wants to check for signs of uterine cancer, they may perform an endometrial biopsy. Judith Gurdian, MD, Michelle Spector, MD, Tanya Ghatan, MD, and the rest of the team at Capital Women’s Care in Rockville, Maryland, offer in-office endometrial biopsies to get more information about the cause of abnormal Pap smear results. Call or schedule an appointment online today.

Endometrial Biopsy Q&A

Capital Women's Care

What is an endometrial biopsy?

An endometrial biopsy is a technique of removing a small sample of cells from the inside of your uterus. Your uterus, which is sometimes called the womb, is a small pear-shaped organ that holds your baby when you’re pregnant.

Your doctor inserts a thin plastic catheter through your cervix and into your uterus and a small sample of your endometrial lining is suctioned out. This procedure collects a better sample than previous techniques and reduces the risk of injury to your uterus.

Why is an endometrial biopsy done?

Your doctor uses endometrial biopsies to check for signs of cancer or precancerous cells in your uterus. In addition to abnormal Pap smear results, some of the symptoms that could cause your doctor to request an endometrial biopsy include:

  • Heavy periods or bleeding between periods
  • Amenorrhea — the absence of menstrual periods
  • Irregular periods
  • Vaginal bleeding after menopause

What happens during an endometrial biopsy?

Endometrial biopsies are in-office procedures at Capital Women’s Care. You recline on a treatment table with your feet resting in stirrups.

Your doctor inserts a speculum into your vagina to hold it open during the procedure. They clean your cervix and use a spray or injectable anesthetic to numb it. Then they insert the catheter through your cervix to gather the biopsy.

The sample is sent to a lab where it is closely analyzed for cancerous or precancerous cells.

How should I prepare for an endometrial biopsy?

You don’t need to do anything special to prepare for your endometrial biopsy. Some women find that the procedure causes some cramping, so you may want to take ibuprofen 30-60 minutes before your procedure.

What happens after an endometrial biopsy?

You might experience some cramping or spotting after the procedure, but this should subside within a couple of hours. You should avoid penetrative intercourse and inserting anything into your vagina for a week following the endometrial biopsy.

Your doctor sends the sample to a lab for analysis and calls you with the results. If further treatment is necessary, you’ll have an appointment to discuss the results and your options. 

Call or schedule an appointment online today.