Birth Control Specialist

Capital Women's Care

OBGYNs located in Rockville, MD

If starting or adding to your family just isn’t in the cards for you right now, there’s no shortage of birth control options to prevent an unplanned pregnancy. At Capital Women’s Care, Judith Gurdian, MD, Michelle Spector, MD, Tanya Ghatan, MD, and the rest of the team, can help you sort through the many choices, finding one that best suits your lifestyle and your goals. If you’re in Rockville, Maryland, call the office or use the online scheduler to book an appointment to get started.

Birth Control Q&A

Capital Women's Care

What are the different types of birth control?

To help you better navigate the world of birth control, it’s helpful to break the different methods into the following categories:

Barrier

Birth control methods that prevent sperm from reaching your eggs are considered barrier methods, and they include:

  • Condoms (male and female)
  • Copper IUD
  • Cervical cap or diaphragm
  • Sponge

Hormonal

By regulating your hormones, these birth control methods prevent you from ovulating. There are a number of ways that this type of birth control is delivered, including:

  • Oral contraceptive, or the pill
  • Injection
  • Patch
  • Implant
  • Hormonal IUD
  • Vaginal ring

Natural

Natural birth control methods include abstinence, withdrawal, and fertility awareness planning.

Permanent

If you’re sure you don’t want to have children, there are several surgical options, including:

  • Tubal ligation or blockage
  • Hysterectomy
  • Vasectomy

While these methods fall under permanent options, both a tubal ligation and a vasectomy can be reversed.

How effective is birth control?

Very few birth control methods offer 100% effectiveness (just a hysterectomy and abstinence), but many come pretty close. To give you an idea of the different efficacy rates, here are a few examples:

  • IUD: 99%
  • Implant: 99%
  • Oral contraceptive: 91%
  • Cervical cap: 71-86%
  • Condoms: 85%
  • Birth control injections: 94%


Again, these are just a few examples, and your provider at Capital Women’s Care is happy to give you the full list of protection rates.

It’s also worth mentioning that these efficacy rates are based on the proper use of the birth control method. If you skip pills or use a sponge without spermicide, these rates drop considerably.

What if I want to have children?

If you decide you want to have children, most birth control methods are reversible, some immediately, while others may take more time. For example, if you have an IUD, your doctor simply removes the device. If, however, you’ve opted for a hormone injection, you need to wait until the effects of the shot wear off before you start ovulating regularly again.

Here again, your provider sits down with you to discuss every aspect of birth control in order to find one that’s tailored to your situation and your goals.  To explore your birth control options, call Capital Women’s Care, or schedule an appointment using the online booking tool.